Exquisitely patterned Harlequin Shrimp eats starfish alive: starfish takes days to die.
In today's diving industry, the customer satisfaction, the return of business, the word of mouth and the competition for tips overrides environmental responsibility. Not for every dive center, not for every dive guide, but enough to see some frightful behaviour underwater.
How do corals evolve into separate species when their larvae can drift around the ocean over extremely long distances?
The Giant Manta Ray is the largest living ray and a very impressive sight underwater. Mantas migrate vast distances, crossing international boundaries, in search of food. Products from manta rays have a high value in international markets, and targeted fisheries hunt them for their valuable gill rakers used in traditional Chinese medicine. Monitoring and regulation of the exploitation and trade of manta rays is urgently needed, as well as protection of key habitats.
Corals in the genus Acropora generate much of the structural complexity upon which coral reefs depend, but they are susceptible to damage from toxic seaweeds. Acropora nasuta minimises this damage by chemically calling goby fishes who within minutes start chomping on the seaweed.
Indonesian coral reefs are thriving under a management system designed in the 17th Century.
Crown Butterflyfish (Chaetodon paucifasciatus) is an indicator species of healthy hard coral.
It has long been thought that coral fish start life in a coastal nursery, such as mangrove or seagrass, before migrating to a coral reef. Fish use a variety of nursery habitats and may migrate very long distances from coastal wetlands across deep open water. This implies that it isn’t enough to protect adult habitat on coral reefs. Habitats that supply those reefs and the migration corridors that connect them also need protection.
Bright yellow eyes distinguish the Midnight Snapper (Macolor macularis) from related species. You find it in the Western Pacific between 3 and 50 m,...
IUCN today released the latest update of their Red List of Threatened Species, on the eve of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in...