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With the right mix of nutrients, phytoplankton grow quickly, creating blooms visible from space. This image, created from MODIS data, shows a phytoplankton bloom off New Zealand.

Iron fertilization won’t work in much of Pacific

Over the past half-million years, the equatorial Pacific Ocean has seen five spikes in the amount of iron-laden dust blown in from the continents....
Beluga whales in the pack ice in West Greenland. Ships using the Northwest Passage would travel through Baffin Bay off Greenland's west coast.

Which marine mammals are most at risk from increased Arctic ship traffic?

The most vulnerable marine mammals were found to be narwhals. These animals migrate through parts of the Northwest Passage to and from their summertime habitats.

New Species of Squid Found

Scientists have discovered a new, large, species of squid in the Indian Ocean. The squid was found during a seamounts cruise in the southern Indian Ocean. Seamounts are typically deep, steep-sided, extinct volcanoes which are extremly important for life in the oceans.
Tiger Shark

Shark loss hits global ecosystems

The loss of sharks could contribute to the destruction of one of the planet’s most under-appreciated sources of carbon storage — seagrasses, according to...
Healthy coral reef

Which reef life communities are most vulnerable to global warming?

A 100 years from now, all the species in many marine communities will be lost and replaced by new species able to tolerate warmer...

Endangered Bivalve, Pinna nobilis, Recovers Off Italy but Suffers in Greece

Pinna nobilis, the giant bivalve, is endangered. Although in some places it has historically been abundant, there has been a lack of up-to-date information...
Lionfish

Marine Invaders Threaten Galapagos

Increasing tourism and the spread of marine invasive non-native species is threatening the unique undersea life around the Galapagos Islands.
Galapagos shark, Carcharhinus galapagensis

Scientists urge Brazil to take a stand on protecting marine life

Brazil fisheries have no bag or size limits for any species of fish and even the most basic fisheries statistics, such as the numbers and weights of fish being caught, are a blank space. The newly published Red List of Brazilian species at risk from extinction, identifies 83 types of marine animal aslo commercially exploited by fisheries. The Galapagos shark is an example of a keystone species thought to have been fished to regional extinction due to decades of nonexistent fisheries regulations. This species is one of many that could have greatly benefited from management plans that help reduce by-catch and prevent the overexploitation of fishing stocks.
White Shark, Carcharodon carcharias

Do White Sharks mistake Surfers for Seals?

Great white sharks know surfers aren't seals - most are just curious

Third of Pelagic Sharks Threatened with Extinction

The first study to determine the global conservation status of 64 species of open ocean (pelagic) sharks and rays reveals that 32 percent are...